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Tổng hợp các bài đọc hiểu tiếng Anh bám sát đề minh họa

Kina Ngaan

Active member
Bài đọc hiểu tiếng Anh là một dạng quan trọng trong kỳ thi THPTQG. Để thành thạo được dạng đề này, ta cần rèn luyện nhiều bài tập. Bên cạnh đó, trau dồi vốn từ vựng là việc không thể thiếu. Tiếp cận nhiều dạng bài đọc hiểu hình thành nên những kỹ năng làm bài tốt nhất. Sau đây, là tổng hợp các bài đọc hiểu tiếng Anh bám sát đề minh họa.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 1 to 5.

Many children have music classes when they attend school. And it is thought that music can help them learn other subjects better. Research has shown that it can improve children’s performances in certain subjects.

Some studies have shown that music training can help you understand your own language better. It could also help you with learning a second one. Moreover, young people who have studied music also seem to get higher scores in other subjects like maths. So it could be that these school subjects are connected in some way.

Music also helps you think of new ideas, and believe more in yourself. If you are learning the guitar, for example, it can be really exciting when you are able to start composing your own pieces of music. One of the biggest benefits, of course, is that listening to music can reduce your stress. And composing music can make you feel the same way. Maybe your musical knowledge will even open up a great career path for you in the future.

Question 1. What is main idea of the passage?
A. Ways to teach music B. New ideas in music
C. Benefits of learning music D. Ways to write a piece of music
Question 2. The word ‘it’ in paragraph 1 refers to _____.
A. research B. school C. child D. music
Question 3. According to paragraph 2, students who learn music seem to _____.
A. dislike learning a second language B. get higher marks in maths
C. know only one language D. dislike learning other subjects
Question 4. The word ‘composing’ in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _____.
A. writing B. copying C. learning D. sharing
Question 5. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT mentioned as a benefit of music?
A. It helps you think of new ideas. B. It helps you believe more in yourself.
C. It helps you make more friends. D. It helps you reduce stress.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 6 to 12.

Much of the music we listen to today is a mixture of styles from various countries and time periods. A lot of music has roots in older traditional songs heard in many different countries around the world. Traditional, or folk, music is collected over decades, if not centuries. Younger generations learn these songs from their elders through practice and repetition.

Since music can tell us a lot about different cultures through its lyrics, melodies, and the instruments used, researchers and music fans see it as an essential part of history. They fear that traditional and older types of music are slowly disappearing, partly because they are less likely to be written down or recorded, or because the format in which they are recorded is no longer in use. Also, younger generations may not find such music very appealing, so once older generations pass away, the music may die out with them. Whole genres of music may go extinct.

There is a growing effort to preserve music in its many forms. Some researchers create field recordings-recordings made outside of a recording studio-to capture live performances. For example, in the early 1900s, social scientist Frances Densmore made recordings of Native American songs that had been sung for many generations but were in danger of being forgotten. Researchers also transcribe old music by listening to old recordings-sometimes the only one of its kind left. They try to write out the music so that it can be studied and played by modern musicians.

Now, modern technology makes it much easier to preserve music. Smart phones can be used to record music, while the Internet lets us share these recordings and find people with similar interests. Soon, losing a piece of music may be a thing of the past.

Question 6. Which could be the best title for the passage?
A. Sounds from the Past B. Music in Different Cultures
C. Pursuing a Career in Music D. Efforts to Create New Genres of Music
Question 7. According to paragraph 1, what is indicated about traditional music?
A. Its origin remains unknown.
B. It’s collected over many years.
C. Children learn it through formal schooling.
D. It’s very difficult to practice and repeat traditional songs.
Question 8. The word ‘they’ in paragraph 2 refers to ____________.
A. lyrics B. instruments
C. researchers and music fans D. melodies
Question 9. The word ‘appealing’ in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to __________.
A. attractive B. fortunate C. shocking D. impressed
Question 10. The word ‘transcribe’ in paragraph 3 mostly means to record music in a _______ form.
A. spoken B. simple C. complex D. written
Question 11. Which of the following is true, according to the passage?
A. Field recordings are the only way to preserve older types of music.
B. Native American songs were already extinct.
C. People like Frances Densmore have worked hard to save traditional music.
D. Traditional music will certainly disappear when older generations die.
Question 12. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
A. Previous generations could preserve old music by hearing it many times.
B. Technological advance can facilitate the process of preserving old music.
C. People who are keen on preserve old songs always share their ideas on the Internet.
D. Only very old songs can be lost in the modern world.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 1 to 5.

Environmentalists are getting more worried about the effects of fast fashion on the environment. Fast fashion is the mass production of clothes at a low cost. They are put in shops and online quickly to create a high demand. Manufacturers make 100 billion items of clothing every year. This is expected to grow by 60 per cent by 2030. The fast fashion business model is having a negative effect on the environment. Many of the clothes end up in landfills and are not recycled. Another negative effect on the environment is caused by the chemicals used to make the clothes. These cause health problems for people working in clothes factories.

The way people are buying clothes is adding to the problem of clothing waste. Many years ago, people went to stores and tried clothes on. People took more time and thought more carefully before they bought clothes. They also wore them for longer. Today, people order cheap clothes on the Internet and if they don't like them, they send them back. Some people say this is causing a throwaway society. Some people buy clothes and never even wear them. The German media company Deutsche Welle wrote: "Every year in Europe, four million tons of clothing ends up in the trash. Less than one per cent of this is recycled." It seems the fashion industry is not so sustainable.

Question 1. What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. The appearance of fast fashion B. The way people buy clothes
C. The growth of the fashion industry D. Negative impacts of fast fashion
Question 2. The word ‘demand’ in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ________.
A. level B. need C. possibility D. effect
Question 3. According to paragraph 1, what is fast fashion?
A. It’s about online shopping.
B. It’s about the production of clothes in large quantities at low prices.
C. It’s about recycling old clothes in landfills.
D. It’s about buying old clothes from developing countries.
Question 4. The word ‘them’ in paragraph 2 refers to ________.
A. stores B. people C. clothes D. tons
Question 5. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?
A. Workers in clothes factories may be negatively affected by chemicals to make clothes.
B. Recycling clothes thrown away doesn’t isn’t paid much attention in European countries.
C. In the past, clothes were more expensive and carefully designed.
D. Clothes at low prices can be found on the Internet.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 1 to 7.

For cycling enthusiast Jia Feng, riding to work in Beijing is an advantage as it allows him to get in his daily exercise and frees him from the capital's notorious traffic jams. But cycling is not always a joyful experience. The occasional takeover by cars-the number of which rose by almost 5 million over the past two decades to 6.57 million by the end of last year-of cycling lanes left him with conflicted feelings about life in the saddle. Of late though, the Beijing resident has found that commuting is becoming increasingly enjoyable as local authorities endeavor to encourage environmentally friendly travel in the midst of a national campaign to promote green transition.

Green development has become a key concern of China's central authorities. To achieve a fundamental improvement in environmental quality by 2035, China will strive to push green production and lifestyles.

Recently, residents near the capital's Second Ring Road were surprised to discover that cycling lanes appeared to have been widened. Though traces of the original white lines separating the lanes for cars and bicycles-as well as the ones dividing lanes for traffic-remained visible in places, new lines had been drawn to make the lanes for cars narrower and the one for bicycles wider. Beijing authorities also plan to build bike routes along 12 waterways, which will help connect cycling networks between the Second and Fourth Ring roads and create a green transportation network. The creation of this green, non-motorized network is high on the municipal government's agenda.

Jia said he looks forward to seeing an increasingly green Beijing as local authorities make sustained efforts to promote environmentally friendly travel. "As more people turn to bikes, fewer will drive and traffic will move even faster, so both drivers and riders will be more comfortable. This will make the city greener and reduce its carbon footprint," he said.

Question 1. Which best serves as the title for the passage?
A. Why Beijing Falls Behind with its ‘Green’ Policy?
B. From the Viewpoint of a Local: the Dark Side of Going Green
C. Bikes Bite back: Streets Going Cycle-friendly
D. Bikes versus Cars: Which is Better?
Question 2. The word ‘conflicted’ in paragraph 1 mostly means __________
A. secure B. protected C. passive D. confused
Question 3. According to the passage, what has Jia Feng felt after local authorities try to encourage environmentally friendly travel?
A. He hasn’t found it quite simple to travel to his workplace.
B. He has found that travelling experience is giving more pleasure.
C. He doesn’t need to lock his bikes anymore.
D. He has remained confused about the city’s green campaign.
Question 4. The word ‘fundamental’ in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to _________
A. modern B. interesting C. important D. excited
Question 5. The word ‘which’ in paragraph 3 refers to ________
A. the plan to build bike routes along 12 waterway
B. the cycling network between two roads
C. the creation of a green transportation network
D. the municipal government's agenda
Question 6. Which of the following is true, according to the passage?
A. Jia Feng is a big fan of cycling since it helps him to escape from the city’s traffic congestion.
B. There was a small increase in the number of people travelling by cars in China.
C. China will only need to pay attention to green lifestyles to have better living conditions.
D. The expansion of some cycling lanes in Beijing is predictable.
Question 7. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
A. Beijing’s government seems uninterested in pushing green lifestyles among its citizens.
B. In some streets in Beijing, lanes for cars have been widened.
C. The effort to push environmentally friendly travel can have a positive impact on the environment.
D. Jia Feng strongly believes that only by using bikes will Beijing’s carbon footprint be reduced.

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