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Past continuous (Thì quá khứ tiếp diễn)

Đỗ Thị Lan Hương

Cộng tác viên
Thành viên BQT
Thì quá khứ tiếp diễn (Past Continuous tense) là thì được dùng khi muốn nhấn mạnh diễn biến hay quá trình của sự vật hay sự việc hoặc thời gian sự vật hay sự việc đó diễn ra và đây là thì tiếng Anh mà nhiều bạn nhầm lẫn nhất. Cùng tham khảo bài viết dưới đây để nắm vững và cách dùng và cấu trúc thì quá khứ tiếp diễn nhé!
Past continuous (Thì quá khứ tiếp diễn).png

Past continuous
(Thì quá khứ tiếp diễn)

I. Cách dùng Thì quá khứ tiếp diễn Tiếng Anh

Thì quá khứ tiếp diễn được dùng khi muốn nhấn mạnh diễn biến hay quá trình của sự vật hay sự việc hoăc thời gian sự vật hay sự việc đó diễn ra.
  • While I was driving home, Peter was trying desperately to contact me. (Peter đã cố gắng liên lạc với tôi trong lúc tôi đang lái xe về nhà.)
  • Were you expecting any visitors? (Anh có mong đợi người khách nào không?)
  • Sorry, were you sleeping? (Xin lỗi, anh đang ngủ à?)
  • I was just making some coffee. (Tôi đang pha cà phê.)
  • I was thinking about him last night. (Tối qua, tôi đã nghĩ về anh ấy.)
  • In the 1990s few people were using mobile phones. (Vào những năm 1990, rất ít người sử dụng điện thoại di động.)
Thì quá khứ tiếp diễn được dùng để diễn tả 1 hành động đang diễn ra trong quá khứ thì có hành động khác xen vào.
  • I was walking in the street when I suddenly fell over. (Khi tôi đang đi trên đường thì bỗng nhiên tôi bị vấp ngã.)
  • She was talking to me on the phone and it suddenly went dead. (Khi cô ấy đang nói chuyện điện thoại với tôi thì bỗng nhiên nó bị mất liên lạc.)
  • They were still waiting for the plane when I spoke to them. (Khi tôi nói chuyện với họ thì họ vẫn đang chờ máy bay.)
  • The company was declining rapidly before he took charge. (Trước khi anh ấy nhận công việc thì công ty đó đang đi xuống.)
  • We were just talking about it before you arrived. (Chúng tôi vừa nhắc về điều đó trước khi anh đến.)
  • I was making a presentation in front of 500 people when the microphone stopped working. (Khi tôi đang trình bày trước 500 người thì cái micro đột nhiên bị hỏng.)

II. Cấu trúc thì quá khứ tiếp diễn Tiếng Anh


Câu khẳng địnhCâu phủ địnhCâu nghi vấn
- S + was/ were + V-ing (+ O)
Ví dụ:
I was thinking about him last night.
We were just talking about it before you arrived.
- S + was/ were + not + V-ing (+ O)
Ví dụ:
I wasn't thinking about him last night.
We were not talking about it before you arrived.
- (Từ để hỏi) + was/ were + S + V-ing (+ O)?
Ví dụ:
Were you thinking about him last night?
What were you just talking about before I arrived?

* Ghi chú:
  • S: chủ ngữ
  • V: động từ
  • O: tân ngữ

III. Bài tập Quá khứ tiếp diễn

I. Chia động từ ở thì quá khứ tiếp diễn
1. I ___________________down the street when it begin to rain (go)
2. At this time last year, I ___________________an English course (attend)
3. Jim ________________ under the tree when he heard an explosion (stand)
4. The boy fell and hurt himself while he _________________ a bicycle (ride)
5. When we met them last year, they______________ in Santiago (live)
6. The tourist lost his camera while he________________ around the city (walk)
7. The lorry _______________ very fast when it hit our car (go)
8. While I ____________________in my room, my roommate ___________________ a party in the other room (study/ have)
9. Mary and I___________________ the house when the telephone rang (just leave)
10. We __________________ in the café when they saw us (sit)

II. Chia động từ ở thì quá khứ hoặc quá khứ tiếp diễn
1. I ________________ (call) Mr Wilson at 9 last night, but he (not be)_________________at home. He (study) _______________ at the library
2. I _________________ (not hear) the thunder during the storm last night because I ________________ (sleep)
3. It was beautiful yesterday when we went for a walk in the park. The sun______________(shine). The birds_____________(sing)
4. My brother and sister ________________ (talk) about something when I ________________ (walk) into the room.
5. Tom went to his friends ‘house, but the boys ___________________ (not be) there. They (play)_____________soccer in the vacant lot down the street.
6. The little boy _______________ (fall) asleep while his mother___________________ (read) him a story.
7. I really enjoyed my holiday last January. While it_______________(snow) in Iowa, the sun ______________ (shine) in Florida.
8. While Ted _______________ (shovel) snow from his driveway yesterday, his wife _________________ (bring) him a cup of hot chocolate.
9. John _________________ (have) a car accident last week. He __________________ (drive) down the street when suddenly a lorry __________________ (hit) his car from behind.
10. Ten years ago, the government _______________ (decide) to begin a food programme. At that time, many people in the rural areas _______________ (starve) due to several years of drought.
11. They ___________________(wait) for me when I _________________ at the station (arrive)
12. She ________________ (swim) in the sea when I ___________________ her (see)
13. ___________________they__________________(play) tennis when it _________________ raining (start)?
14. We __________________ (drive) home from the theatre when the police __________________(stop) us.
15. The wind __________________ (blow) very hard when I ________________(go) out this morning.

III. Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc ở thì quá khứ tiếp diễn.
1. At this time last year, they (build) this house.
2. I (drive) my car very fast when you called me.
3. I (chat) with my friends while my teacher (teach) the lesson yesterday.
4. My father (watch) TV when I got home.
5. At this time yesterday, I (prepare) for my son's birthday party.
6. What you (do) at 8 pm yesterday?
7. Where you (go) when I saw you last weekend?
8. They (not go) to school when I met them yesterday.
9. My mother (not do) the housework when my father came home.
10. My sister (read) books while my brother (play) football yesterday afternoon.

IV: Chọn đúng thì của các câu sau:
1. I saw/ was seeing the accident when I was waiting for the taxi.
2. What were you doing/ did you do when I phoned?
3. They didn't visit/ weren't visiting their friends last summer holiday.
4. It rained/ was raining heavily last July.
5. While people were talking to each other, he read/ was reading his book.
6. Chris was eating/ ate pizza every weekend last month.
7. While we were running/ run in the park, Mary fell over.
8. Did you find/ Were you finding your keys yesterday?
9. Who was she dancing/ did she dance with at the party last night?
10. They were watching/ watched football on TV all day.

V. Tìm các lỗi sai trong các câu sau:
1. I was play football when she called me.
2. Was you study Math at 5 p.m. yesterday?
3. What was she do while her mother was making lunch?
4. Where did you went last Sunday?
5. They weren't sleep during the meeting last Monday.
6. He got up early and have breakfast with his family yesterday morning.
7. She didn't broke the flower vase. Tom did.
8. Last week my friend and I go to the beach on the bus.
9. While I am listening to music, I heard the doorbell.
10. Peter turn on the TV, but nothing happened.

VI. Chia động từ ở trong ngoặc ở thì quá khứ tiếp diễn để hoàn thành câu.
1. I lost my keys when I ________ (walk) home.
2. It was raining while we ________ (have) dinner.
3. I saw the department stores when I ________ (sit) on the bus.
4. Her phone rang while she ________ (talk) to her new boss.
5. My friends ________ (drive) to work when they heard the news on the radio.
6. He ________ (ride) his bicycle when the cat ran across the road.
7. We couldn’t go to the beach yesterday because it ________. (rain)
8. It was a lovely day. The sun was shining and the birds ________ (sing) in the trees.
9. The tourist lost his camera while he _____ (walk) around the city.
10. The lorry _____ (go) very fast when it hit our car.
11. I _______ (walk) down the street when it began to rain.
12. At this time last year, I _______ (attend) an English course.
13. Jim ________ (stand) under the tree when he heard an explosion.
14. While I _____ (study) in my room, my roommates ________ (have) a party in the other room.
15. Mary and I _________ (dance) the house when the telephone rang.

VII. Make the present perfect continuous
1) She (work) here for five years.
2) I (study) all day.
3) You (eat) a lot recently.
4) We (live) in London for six months.
5) He (play) football, so he's tired.
6) They (learn) English for two years.
7) I (cook) so I'm really hot.
8) She (go) to the cinema every weekend for years.
9) It (rain) the pavement is wet.
10) You (sleep) for twelve hours.
11) I(not/work) today.
12) You (not/eat) well recently.
13) We (not/exercise) enough.
14) She (not/study).
15) They (not/live) here for very long.
16) It (not/snow).
17) He (not/play) football for five years.
18) We (not/drink) enough water - that's why we feel tired.
19) I (not/sleep) I was reading.
20) They (not/watch) TV much recently.

VIII. Give the correct form of the words.
1. ‘What ……………… (you/do) at this time yesterday? ’ ‘I was asleep.’
2. How fast ……………… (you/drive) when the accident ……………… (happen)?
3. I haven’t seen my best friend for ages. When I last ……………… (see) him, he ……………… (try) to find a job.
4. I ……………… (walk) along the street when suddenly I ………………(hear) footsteps behind me. Somebody ……………… (follow) me. I was scared and I ……………… (start) to run.
5. Last night I ……………… (drop) a plate when I ……………… (do) the washing-up. Fortunately it ……………… (not/break).
6. I ……………… (open) the letter when the wind ……………… (blow) it out of my hand.
7. The burglar ……………… (open) the safe when he ……………… (hear) footsteps. He immediately ……………… (put) out his torch and ……………… (crawl) under the bed.
8. As I ……………… (cross) the road I ……………… (step) on a banana skin and ……………… (fall) heavily.
9. Just as I ……………… (wonder) what I should do next, the acceptance letter came in my mailbox.

IX: Chia đúng các động từ sau ở thì quá khứ đơn và quá khứ tiếp diễn
In my last holiday, I went to Hawaii. When I (go) 1............to the beach for the first time, something wonderful happened. I (swim) 2............in the sea while my mother was sleeping in the sun. My brother was building a castle and my father (drink) 3 some water. Suddenly I (see) 4............a boy on the beach. His eyes were blue like the water in the sea and his hair (be) 5............beautiful black. He was very tall and thin and his face was brown. My heart (beat) 6............fast. I (ask) 7............him for his name with a shy voice. He (tell) 8............me that his name was John. He (stay) 9............with me the whole afternoon. In the evening, we met again. We ate pizza in a restaurant. The following days we (have) 10............a lot of fun together. At the end of my holidays when I left Hawaii I said good-bye to John. We had tears in our eyes. He wrote to me a letter very soon and I answered him.

X. Viết thành câu hoàn chỉnh ở thì quá khứ tiếp diễn dựa trên từ gợi ý
1. (they / take the exam?)
2. (when / he / work there?)
3. (you / make dinner?)
4. (they / drink coffee when you arrived?)
5. (when / we / sleep?)
6. (they / study last night)
7. (we / talk when the accident happened)
8. (he / not / exercise enough)
9. (I / talk too much?)
10. (it / not / snow)

XI. Complete the sentences using these pairs of verbs. Use the past simple in one gap and the past continuous in the other.
come - showget - gohope - givelive - spend
look - seeplay - breakstart - check in
1. Just as I was……………………..the bath all the lights…………………….. .
2. I……………………..to go away this weekend, but my boss…………………..me some work that I have to finish by Monday.
3. When I………………………..in Paris, I……………………three hours a day travelling to and from work.
4. A friendly American couple…………………..chatting to him as he…………………at the hotel reception.
5. I bumped into Lena last week. She……………………….a lot better than when I last…………………..her.
6. My boss…………………………..into the office just as I…………………………everyone my holiday photos. I……………. badminton four times a week before I……………………..my ankle.

XII. Use the same tense, either past simple or past continuous, in both spaces.
add - tastego off - lightnot listen - explain
push - runnot watch - dream
1. The smoke alarm……………………..when he………………………a candle underneath it.
2. I can’t remember how to answer this question. I must confess that I…………………while the teacher…………………….it to us.
3. She……………………more salt to the soup, and then it………………………much better.
4. Although the television was on, I…………………………it. Instead I…………………..about my holidays.
5. She……………………open the door and…………………………into the room.

Trên đây là một số kiến thức cơ bản về thì quá khứ tiếp diễn. Qua bài học này chúng ta cần ghi nhớ về cách dùng, cấu trúc và dấu hiệu nhận biết để dễ dàng phân biệt thì quá khứ tiếp diễn với các thì còn lại.
_Chúc các bạn học tốt!_​
 
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